Loading.  One moment, please....

List of States in America

Showing populations, governors, geographic data, name origins, and more

with images of states and flags


Touch State Abbreviation to show image of state and flag.  The Origin and Meaning of state names represent the prevailing consensus.  Click on any underlined name or place for more information.  Population is according to the 2016 estimate.  (See the map for renaming the states based upon contemporary naming practices.)


 Color Code of 
 Gov's party: 

 Democrat 

 Independent  

 Republican 

close
close


 Sort by what data:
     

 In what order:
     

 Ready, set...

 

 change sorting     go to middle      go to end      note 

Sorted by State Name in Alphabetical Order

 #1    Alabama    AL  Yellowhammer State admitted: Dec. 14, 1819
governor: Kay Ivey (R)residents: Alabamans

capital: Montgomerylargest city: Birmingham

bird: Yellowhammer flower: Camellia tree: Longleaf pine fish: Largemouth bass

Origin: Choctaw, “plant-cutters”.  Two Choctaw words: “alba” meaning vegetation, herbs or plants; and “amo” meaning gatherer or picker.

population: 4,863,300  Area: 52,419 sq.mi. (92.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 50,744 sq.mi. (95.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,675 sq.mi. (3.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 2,413 feet at Cheaha Mountain; Lowest: 0 feet at Gulf of Mexico; diff.=2,413 feet

 #2    Alaska    AK  Last Frontier admitted: Jan. 03, 1959
governor: Bill Walker (I)residents: Alaskans

capital: Juneaulargest city: Anchorage

bird: Willow ptarmigan flower: Forget-me-not tree: Sitka spruce fish: King salmon

Origin: Aleut, “mainland”.  From the Aleut word “Alyeska,” meaning “great land” or “that which the sea breaks against.”

population: 741,894  Area: 663,267 sq.mi. (1.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 571,951 sq.mi. (1.3 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 91,316 sq.mi. (13.8% water)

elevation: Highest: 20,320 feet at Mount McKinley; Lowest: 0 feet at Pacific Ocean; diff.=20,320 feet

 #3    Arizona    AZ  Grand Canyon State admitted: Feb. 14, 1912
governor: Doug Ducey (R)residents: Arizonans

capital: Phoenixlargest city: Phoenix

bird: Cactus wren flower: Saguaro cactus blossom tree: Blue palo verde fish: Arizona trout

Origin: Aztec, or Pima, “silver-bearing,” or “small spring”.  Origin of the name is uncertain.

population: 6,931,071  Area: 113,998 sq.mi. (60.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 113,634 sq.mi. (61.0 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 364 sq.mi. (0.3% water)

elevation: Highest: 12,637 feet at Humphreys Peak; Lowest: 70 feet at Colorado River; diff.=12,567 feet

 #4    Arkansas    AR  Natural State admitted: June 15, 1836
governor: Asa Hutchinson (R)residents: Arkansans

capital: Little Rocklargest city: Little Rock

bird: Mockingbird flower: Apple blossom tree: Pine fish: none

Origin: Quapaw, Soiux “south wind”.  Borrowed from an Illinois rendering of the tribal name kanze see Kansas, below, how the Miami and Illinois refer to the Quapaw.

population: 2,988,248  Area: 53,179 sq.mi. (56.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 52,068 sq.mi. (57.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,111 sq.mi. (2.1% water)

elevation: Highest: 2,653 feet at Magazine Mountain; Lowest: 55 feet at Ouachita River; diff.=2,598 feet

 #5    California    CA  Golden State admitted: Sep. 09, 1850
governor: Jerry Brown (D)residents: Californians

capital: Sacramentolargest city: Los Angeles

bird: California quail flower: California poppy tree: Coast Redwood, Giant Sequoia fish: Golden trout

Origin: Spanish, where Queen Califia ruled.  From “Califia” queen of a mythical Spanish island in a Spanish romance Las Sergas de Esplandian by Garcia Ordoñez de Montalvo, 1510.

population: 39,250,017  Area: 163,696 sq.mi. (239.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 155,960 sq.mi. (251.7 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 7,736 sq.mi. (4.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 14,505 feet at Mount Whitney; Lowest: -282 feet at Badwater Basin; diff.=14,787 feet

 #6    Colorado    CO  Centennial State admitted: Aug. 01, 1876
governor: John Hickenlooper (D)residents: Coloradans

capital: Denverlargest city: Denver

bird: Lark bunting flower: Rocky mountain columbine tree: Colorado blue spruce fish: Greenback cutthroat trout

Origin: Spanish, “red color”.  Originally referring to the Colorado River.

population: 5,540,545  Area: 104,094 sq.mi. (53.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 103,718 sq.mi. (53.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 376 sq.mi. (0.4% water)

elevation: Highest: 14,440 feet at Mount Elbert; Lowest: 3,317 feet at Arikaree River; diff.=11,123 feet

 #7    Connecticut    CT  Constitution State admitted: Jan. 09, 1788
governor: Dan Malloy (D)residents: Nutmeggers or Connecticuters

capital: Hartfordlargest city: Bridgeport

bird: American robin flower: Mountain laurel tree: White oak fish: American shad

Origin: Mohican / Algonquin, “at the long tidal river”.  From the Indian name for the Connecticut River.

population: 3,576,452  Area: 5,543 sq.mi. (645.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 4,845 sq.mi. (738.2 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 698 sq.mi. (12.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 2,380 feet at Mount Frissell; Lowest: 0 feet at Long Island Sound; diff.=2,380 feet

 #8    Delaware    DE  First State admitted: Dec. 07, 1787
governor: John C. Carney, Jr. (D)residents: Delawareans

capital: Doverlargest city: Wilmington

bird: Blue hen chicken flower: Peach blossom tree: American holly fish: Weakfish

Origin: French via English, “of the war”.  After the Delaware River, which was named for Lord de la Warr.

population: 952,065  Area: 2,489 sq.mi. (382.5 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 1,953 sq.mi. (487.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 536 sq.mi. (21.5% water)

elevation: Highest: 451 feet at Ebright Azimuth; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=451 feet

 #9    District of Columbia    DC  Capital admitted: Nov. 17, 1800
governor: Muriel Bowser (D)residents: Washingtonians

capital: Washingtonlargest city: Washington

bird: Wood Thrush flower: American Beauty Rose tree: Scarlet Oak fish: none

Origin: English, Named after the first US President.  Named after the first US President.

population: 681,170  Area: 68 sq.mi. (10,017.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 61 sq.mi. (11,166.7 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 7 sq.mi. (10.1% water)

elevation: Highest: 409 feet at Fort Reno Park; Lowest: 0 feet at Potomac River; diff.=409 feet

 #10    Florida    FL  Sunshine State admitted: Mar. 03, 1845
governor: Rick Scott (R)residents: Floridians

capital: Tallahasseelargest city: Jacksonville

bird: Northern mockingbird flower: Orange blossom tree: Sabal palm fish: Florida largemouth bass

Origin: Spanish, “flowers”.  Explorer Ponce de Leon named the land after “Pascua de Florida” “Feast of Flowers” on Palm Sunday of 1513.

population: 20,612,439  Area: 65,755 sq.mi. (313.5 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 53,927 sq.mi. (382.2 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 11,828 sq.mi. (18.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 345 feet at Britton Hill; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=345 feet

 #11    Georgia    GA  Peach State admitted: Jan. 02, 1788
governor: Nathan Deal (R)residents: Georgians

capital: Atlantalargest city: Atlanta

bird: Brown thrasher flower: Cherokee rose tree: Southern live oak fish: Largemouth bass

Origin: Latin, “George”.  The feminine Latin form of “George,” named after King George II of England.

population: 10,310,371  Area: 59,425 sq.mi. (173.5 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 57,906 sq.mi. (178.1 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,519 sq.mi. (2.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 4,784 feet at Brasstown Bald; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=4,784 feet

 #12    Hawaii    HI  Aloha State admitted: Aug. 21, 1959
governor: David Ige (D)residents: Hawaiians (natives) Islanders (non-natives)

capital: Honolululargest city: Honolulu

bird: Nēnē or Hawaiian Goo flower: Hawaiian hibiscus tree: Candlenut tree fish: Reef triggerfish

Origin: Hawaiian, “small or new homeland”.  May have been named for the traditional home of the Polynesians, called “Owhyhee.”

population: 1,428,557  Area: 10,931 sq.mi. (130.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 6,423 sq.mi. (222.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 4,508 sq.mi. (41.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 13,803 feet at Mauna Kea; Lowest: 0 feet at Pacific Ocean; diff.=13,803 feet

 #13    Idaho    ID  Gem State admitted: July 03, 1890
governor: Butch Otter (R)residents: Idahoans

capital: Boiselargest city: Boise

bird: Mountain bluebird flower: Syringa, mock orange tree: Western white pine fish: Cutthroat trout

Origin: English, invented word.  Mining lobbyist George M. Willing invented the name saying it was a Shoshone Indian word that meant “Gem of the Mountains.”

population: 1,683,140  Area: 83,570 sq.mi. (20.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 82,747 sq.mi. (20.3 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 823 sq.mi. (1.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 12,668 feet at Borah Peak; Lowest: 710 feet at Snake River; diff.=11,958 feet

 #14    Illinois    IL  Prairie State admitted: Dec. 03, 1818
governor: Bruce Rauner (R)residents: Illinoisan or Illinoians

capital: Springfieldlargest city: Chicago

bird: Northern cardinal flower: Violet tree: White oak fish: Bluegill

Origin: Algonquian, “warriors” or “superior men”.  By French explorer Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle in 1679 after the Indians he found living along the banks. “Illini” was a confed. of Indian tribes.

population: 12,801,539  Area: 57,914 sq.mi. (221.0 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 55,583 sq.mi. (230.3 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 2,331 sq.mi. (4.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,235 feet at Charles Mound; Lowest: 279 feet at Mississippi River; diff.=956 feet

 #15    Indiana    IN  Hoosier State admitted: Dec. 11, 1816
governor: Eric Holcomb (R)residents: Hoosiers or Indianians or Indianans

capital: Indianapolislargest city: Indianapolis

bird: Northern cardinal flower: Peony tree: Tulip-tree fish: none

Origin: English, “Land of the Indians.”.  The natives were called Indians because of Columbus’ error thinking he had reached the Asian India.

population: 6,633,053  Area: 36,418 sq.mi. (182.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 35,867 sq.mi. (184.9 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 551 sq.mi. (1.5% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,257 feet at Hoosier Hill; Lowest: 320 feet at Ohio River; diff.=937 feet

 #16    Iowa    IA  Hawkeye State admitted: Dec. 28, 1846
governor: Kim Reynolds (R)residents: Iowans or Hawkeyes

capital: Des Moineslargest city: Des Moines

bird: Eastern goldfinch flower: Wild Prairie Rose tree: Bur oak fish: Channel catfish

Origin: Dakota, “sleepy ones”.  From the natives tribal name “Ayuxwa” which was spelled by the French as “Ayoua” and by the English as “Ioway.”

population: 3,134,693  Area: 56,272 sq.mi. (55.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 55,870 sq.mi. (56.1 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 402 sq.mi. (0.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,670 feet at Hawkeye Point; Lowest: 480 feet at Mississippi River; diff.=1,190 feet

 #17    Kansas    KS  Sunflower State admitted: Jan. 29, 1861
governor: Sam Brownback (R)residents: Kansans or Jayhawkers

capital: Topekalargest city: Wichita

bird: Western Meadowlark flower: Sunflower tree: Eastern cottonwood fish: none

Origin: Kaw, “south wind”.  From the Kansas River which was named by the French after the Kanze natives who lived there.

population: 2,907,289  Area: 82,277 sq.mi. (35.3 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 81,815 sq.mi. (35.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 462 sq.mi. (0.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 4,039 feet at Mount Sunflower; Lowest: 679 feet at Verdigris River; diff.=3,360 feet

 #18    Kentucky    KY  Bluegrass State admitted: June 01, 1792
governor: Matt Bevin (R)residents: Kentuckians

capital: Frankfortlargest city: Louisville

bird: Northern cardinal flower: Goldenrod tree: Tulip-tree fish: Kentucky spotted bass

Origin: Iroquoian, “prairie” or “field”.  From the Iroquois Indian name referring to the landscape. Possibly a Wyandot or Iroquois name meaning “land of tomorrow.”

population: 4,436,974  Area: 40,409 sq.mi. (109.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 39,728 sq.mi. (111.7 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 681 sq.mi. (1.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 4,145 feet at Black Mountain; Lowest: 257 feet at Mississippi River; diff.=3,888 feet

 #19    Louisiana    LA  Pelican State admitted: Apr. 30, 1812
governor: John Bel Edwards (D)residents: Louisianians or Louisianans

capital: Baton Rougelargest city: New Orleans

bird: Brown pelican flower: Magnolia tree: Bald cypress fish: White crappie

Origin: French, in honor of King “Louis”.  French explorer Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle, first European to sail the Miss. River delta, named the area La Louisianne after Louis XIV of France.

population: 4,681,666  Area: 51,840 sq.mi. (90.3 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 43,562 sq.mi. (107.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 8,278 sq.mi. (16.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 535 feet at Driskill Mountain; Lowest: -8 feet at New Orleans; diff.=543 feet

 #20    Maine    ME  Pine Tree State admitted: Mar. 15, 1820
governor: Paul LePage (R)residents: Mainers or Main Staters

capital: Augustalargest city: Portland

bird: Black-capped chickadee flower: White pine cone and tassel tree: Eastern white pine fish: Landlocked Atlantic salmon

Origin: English or French, “the main land”.  May refer to the mainland, as opposed to the coastal islands, or may be named after the French province of Maine.

population: 1,331,479  Area: 35,385 sq.mi. (37.6 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 30,862 sq.mi. (43.1 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 4,523 sq.mi. (12.8% water)

elevation: Highest: 5,368 feet at Mount Katahdin; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=5,368 feet

 #21    Maryland    MD  Old Line State admitted: Apr. 28, 1788
governor: Larry Hogan (R)residents: Marylanders

capital: Annapolislargest city: Baltimore

bird: Baltimore oriole flower: Black-eyed susan tree: White oak fish: Rockfish

Origin: English, in honor of Queen “Mary”.  After Queen Henrietta Maria of England, wife of King Charles I.

population: 6,016,447  Area: 12,407 sq.mi. (484.9 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 9,774 sq.mi. (615.6 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 2,633 sq.mi. (21.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 3,360 feet at Hoye-Crest; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=3,360 feet

 #22    Massachusetts    MA  Bay State admitted: Feb. 06, 1788
governor: Charlie Baker (R)residents: Bay Staters or Massachusettsans

capital: Bostonlargest city: Boston

bird: Black-capped chickadee flower: Mayflower tree: American elm fish: Cod

Origin: Algonquian, “great hill place” or “by the little mount.  Named after the natives that lived in the region.

population: 6,811,779  Area: 10,555 sq.mi. (645.4 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 7,840 sq.mi. (868.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 2,715 sq.mi. (25.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 3,492 feet at Mount Greylock; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=3,492 feet

 #23    Michigan    MI  Great Lakes State admitted: Jan. 26, 1837
governor: Rick Snyder (R)residents: Michiganians or Michiganders

capital: Lansinglargest city: Detroit

bird: American robin flower: Apple blossom tree: Eastern white pine fish: Brook trout

Origin: Ottawa or Chippewa, “large body of water”.  Also possibly from the Chippewa Indian word “majigan” which means “clearing of land.”

population: 9,928,301  Area: 96,716 sq.mi. (102.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 56,804 sq.mi. (174.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 39,912 sq.mi. (41.3% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,979 feet at Mount Arvon; Lowest: 571 feet at Lake Erie; diff.=1,408 feet

 #24    Minnesota    MN  North Star State admitted: May 11, 1858
governor: Mark Dayton (D)residents: Minnesotans

capital: St. Paullargest city: Minneapolis

bird: Common loon flower: Pink and white lady's slipper tree: Red Pine fish: Walleye

Origin: Dakota, “cloudy water”.  From the Minnesota River named by the Dakota Sioux.

population: 5,519,952  Area: 86,939 sq.mi. (63.5 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 79,610 sq.mi. (69.3 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 7,329 sq.mi. (8.4% water)

elevation: Highest: 2,301 feet at Eagle Mountain; Lowest: 601 feet at Lake Superior; diff.=1,700 feet

 #25    Mississippi    MS  Magnolia State admitted: Dec. 10, 1817
governor: Phil Bryant (R)residents: Mississippians

capital: Jacksonlargest city: Jackson

bird: Northern mockingbird flower: Magnolia tree: Southern magnolia fish: Largemouth bass

Origin: Ojibwe, “great river”.  The Indian name for the river that was used on Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle’s map.

population: 2,988,726  Area: 48,430 sq.mi. (61.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 46,907 sq.mi. (63.7 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,523 sq.mi. (3.1% water)

elevation: Highest: 807 feet at Woodall Mountain; Lowest: 0 feet at Gulf of Mexico; diff.=807 feet

Advertisement


 #26    Missouri    MO  Show Me State admitted: Aug. 10, 1821
governor: Eric Greitens (R)residents: Missourians

capital: Jefferson Citylargest city: Kansas City

bird: Eastern bluebird flower: Hawthorn tree: Flowering dogwood fish: Channel catfish

Origin: Algonquian, “dugout canoe”.  From the Missouri River, after the Missouri tribe known for their dugout canoes.

population: 6,093,000  Area: 69,704 sq.mi. (87.4 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 68,886 sq.mi. (88.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 818 sq.mi. (1.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,772 feet at Taum Sauk Mountain; Lowest: 230 feet at Saint Francis River; diff.=1,542 feet

 #27    Montana    MT  Treasure State admitted: Nov. 08, 1889
governor: Steve  Bullock (D)residents: Montanan

capital: Helenalargest city: Billings

bird: Western meadowlark flower: Hawthorn tree: Ponderosa pine fish: Cutthroat trout

Origin: Spanish, “mountainous”.  A derivation of the Latin word “montaanus.”

population: 1,042,520  Area: 147,042 sq.mi. (7.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 145,552 sq.mi. (7.2 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,490 sq.mi. (1.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 12,807 feet at Granite Peak; Lowest: 1,800 feet at Kootenai River; diff.=11,007 feet

 #28    Nebraska    NE  Cornhusker State admitted: Mar. 01, 1867
governor: Pete Ricketts (R)residents: Nebraskans; sometimes Cornhuskers

capital: Lincolnlargest city: Omaha

bird: Western meadowlark flower: Goldenrod tree: Eastern cottonwood fish: Channel catfish

Origin: Soiux, “flat waters”.  Referring to the Platte River, which means “flat river” in French.

population: 1,907,116  Area: 77,354 sq.mi. (24.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 76,873 sq.mi. (24.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 481 sq.mi. (0.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 5,424 feet at Panorama Point; Lowest: 849 feet at Missouri River; diff.=4,575 feet

 #29    Nevada    NV  Silver State admitted: Oct. 31, 1864
governor: Brian Sandoval (R)residents: Nevadans

capital: Carson Citylargest city: Las Vegas

bird: Mountain bluebird flower: Sagebrush tree: Single-leaf Pinyon, Bristlecon fish: Lahontan cutthroat trout

Origin: Spanish, “snow covered”.  After the Sierra Nevada, or “snowy range.”

population: 2,940,058  Area: 110,561 sq.mi. (26.6 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 109,826 sq.mi. (26.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 735 sq.mi. (0.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 13,147 feet at Boundary Peak; Lowest: 479 feet at Colorado River; diff.=12,668 feet

 #30    New Hampshire    NH  Granite State admitted: June 21, 1788
governor: Chris Sununu (R)residents: New Hampshirites; Granite Staters

capital: Concordlargest city: Manchester

bird: Purple finch flower: Purple lilac tree: American white birch fish: Brook trout

Origin: English, New + name of an English county.  Named for county of Hampshire, England, by Captain John Mason.

population: 1,334,795  Area: 9,350 sq.mi. (142.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 8,968 sq.mi. (148.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 382 sq.mi. (4.1% water)

elevation: Highest: 6,288 feet at Mount Washington; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=6,288 feet

 #31    New Jersey    NJ  Garden State admitted: Dec. 18, 1787
governor: Chris Christie (R)residents: New Jerseyites; New Jerseyans

capital: Trentonlargest city: Newark

bird: Eastern goldfinch flower: Violet tree: Northern red oak fish: Brook trout

Origin: English, New + name of an island.  Name after the island of Jersey in the English Channel by Sir John Berkley and Sir George Carteret.

population: 8,944,469  Area: 8,721 sq.mi. (1,025.6 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 7,417 sq.mi. (1,205.9 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,304 sq.mi. (15.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,803 feet at High Point; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=1,803 feet

 #32    New Mexico    NM  Land of Enchantment admitted: Jan. 06, 1912
governor: Susana Martinez (R)residents: New Mexicans

capital: Santa Felargest city: Albuquerque

bird: Roadrunner flower: Yucca flower tree: Piñon Pine fish: Rio Grande cutthroat trout

Origin: Aztec via Spanish, refers to the land north of the upper Rio Grande.  Anglicized version of “Nuevo Mexico,” from Aztec meaning “place of the god Mexitli.”

population: 2,081,015  Area: 121,589 sq.mi. (17.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 121,355 sq.mi. (17.1 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 234 sq.mi. (0.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 13,167 feet at Wheeler Peak; Lowest: 2,842 feet at Red Bluff Reservoir; diff.=10,325 feet

 #33    New York    NY  Empire State admitted: July 26, 1788
governor: Andrew Cuomo (D)residents: New Yorkers

capital: Albanylargest city: New York City

bird: Eastern bluebird flower: Rose tree: Sugar maple fish: Brook trout

Origin: English, New + name of an English duke.  After York, England, to honor the then Duke of York later King James II of England.

population: 19,745,289  Area: 54,556 sq.mi. (361.9 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 47,214 sq.mi. (418.2 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 7,342 sq.mi. (13.5% water)

elevation: Highest: 5,334 feet at Mount Marcy; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=5,334 feet

 #34    North Carolina    NC  Old North State admitted: Nov. 21, 1789
governor: Roy Cooper (D)residents: North Carolinians

capital: Raleighlargest city: Charlotte

bird: Northern cardinal flower: Flowering dogwood tree: Pine fish: Channel Bass

Origin: Latin, North + “Charles”.  From the name Carolus, in honor of King Charles I of England.

population: 10,146,788  Area: 53,819 sq.mi. (188.5 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 48,711 sq.mi. (208.3 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 5,108 sq.mi. (9.5% water)

elevation: Highest: 6,684 feet at Mount Mitchell; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=6,684 feet

 #35    North Dakota    ND  Peace Garden State admitted: Nov. 02, 1889
governor: Doug Burgum (R)residents: North Dakotans

capital: Bismarcklargest city: Fargo

bird: Western meadowlark flower: Wild prairie rose tree: American elm fish: Northern pike

Origin: Sioux, North + “ally”.  After the Dakota tribe.

population: 757,952  Area: 70,700 sq.mi. (10.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 68,976 sq.mi. (11.0 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,724 sq.mi. (2.4% water)

elevation: Highest: 3,506 feet at White Butte; Lowest: 750 feet at Red River; diff.=2,756 feet

 #36    Ohio    OH  Buckeye State admitted: Mar. 01, 1803
governor: John Kasich (R)residents: Ohioans; or Buckeyes

capital: Columbuslargest city: Columbus

bird: Northern cardinal flower: Scarlet carnation tree: Ohio buckeye fish: Walleye

Origin: Iroquois, “large creek”.  After the name of both the Ohio River and Allegheny River. Often incorrectly given as “beautiful river”

population: 11,614,373  Area: 44,825 sq.mi. (259.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 40,948 sq.mi. (283.6 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 3,877 sq.mi. (8.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,550 feet at Campbell Hill; Lowest: 455 feet at Ohio River; diff.=1,095 feet

 #37    Oklahoma    OK  Sooner State admitted: Nov. 16, 1907
governor: Mary Fallin (R)residents: Oklahomans

capital: Oklahoma Citylargest city: Oklahoma City

bird: Scissor-tailed flycatcher flower: Oklahoma rose tree: Eastern redbud fish: White bass

Origin: Choctaw, “red people”.  Invented by native American missionary Allen Wright from two Choctaw words, “ukla” meaning people and “huma” meaning red.

population: 3,923,561  Area: 69,898 sq.mi. (56.1 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 68,667 sq.mi. (57.1 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,231 sq.mi. (1.8% water)

elevation: Highest: 4,973 feet at Black Mesa; Lowest: 289 feet at Little River; diff.=4,684 feet

 #38    Oregon    OR  Beaver State admitted: Feb. 14, 1859
governor: Kate Brown (D)residents: Oregonians

capital: Salemlargest city: Portland

bird: Western meadowlark flower: Oregon grape tree: Douglas fir fish: Chinook salmon

Origin: Uncertain, “beautiful”.  First named by Major Robert Rogers in a petition to King George III.

population: 4,093,465  Area: 98,381 sq.mi. (41.6 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 95,997 sq.mi. (42.6 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 2,384 sq.mi. (2.4% water)

elevation: Highest: 11,249 feet at Mount Hood; Lowest: 0 feet at Pacific Ocean; diff.=11,249 feet

 #39    Pennsylvania    PA  Keystone State admitted: Dec. 12, 1787
governor: Tom Wolf (D)residents: Pennsylvanians

capital: Harrisburglargest city: Philadelphia

bird: Ruffed grouse flower: Mountain laurel tree: Eastern hemlock fish: Brook trout

Origin: Latin, “Penn’s woods”.  After Admiral William Penn.

population: 12,784,227  Area: 46,055 sq.mi. (277.6 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 44,816 sq.mi. (285.3 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,239 sq.mi. (2.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 3,213 feet at Mount Davis; Lowest: 0 feet at Delaware River; diff.=3,213 feet

 #40    Rhode Island    RI  Ocean State admitted: May 29, 1790
governor: Gina Raimondo (D)residents: Rhode Islanders

capital: Providencelargest city: Providence

bird: Rhode Island red chicken flower: Violet tree: Red maple fish: Striped bass

Origin: Dutch, “red island”.  Named “Roodt Eylandt” by Dutch explorer Adrian Block, it was anglicized when the region came under British rule.

population: 1,056,426  Area: 1,545 sq.mi. (683.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 1,045 sq.mi. (1,010.9 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 500 sq.mi. (32.4% water)

elevation: Highest: 812 feet at Jerimoth Hill; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=812 feet

 #41    South Carolina    SC  Palmetto State admitted: May 23, 1788
governor: Henry McMaster (R)residents: South Carolinians

capital: Columbialargest city: Columbia

bird: Carolina wren flower: Yellow jessamine tree: Sabal palm fish: Striped bass

Origin: Latin, South + “Charles”.  from the name Carolus, in honor of King Charles I of England.

population: 4,961,119  Area: 32,020 sq.mi. (154.9 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 30,109 sq.mi. (164.8 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,911 sq.mi. (6.0% water)

elevation: Highest: 3,560 feet at Sassafras Mountain; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=3,560 feet

 #42    South Dakota    SD  Mount Rushmore State admitted: Nov. 02, 1889
governor: Dennis Daugaard (R)residents: South Dakotans

capital: Pierrelargest city: Sioux Falls

bird: Common pheasant flower: Pasque flower tree: Black Hills spruce fish: Walleye

Origin: Sioux, South + “ally”.  After the Dakota tribe.

population: 865,454  Area: 77,116 sq.mi. (11.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 75,884 sq.mi. (11.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 1,232 sq.mi. (1.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 7,244 feet at Harney Peak; Lowest: 966 feet at Big Stone Lake; diff.=6,278 feet

 #43    Tennessee    TN  Volunteer State admitted: June 01, 1796
governor: Bill Haslam (R)residents: Tennesseans

capital: Nashvillelargest city: Memphis

bird: Northern mockingbird flower: Iris tree: Tulip-tree fish: Largemouth bass

Origin: Cherokee, possibly “river with a big bend”.  After the river and from a Cherokee village in the region that was called “Tanasie.”

population: 6,651,194  Area: 42,143 sq.mi. (157.8 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 41,217 sq.mi. (161.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 926 sq.mi. (2.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 6,643 feet at Clingmans Dome; Lowest: 178 feet at Mississippi River; diff.=6,465 feet

 #44    Texas    TX  Lone Star State admitted: Dec. 29, 1845
governor: Greg Abbott (R)residents: Texans

capital: Austinlargest city: Houston

bird: Northern mockingbird flower: Texas bluebonnet tree: Pecan fish: Guadalupe bass

Origin: Caddo, “friend”.  “Tejas” referred to the Caddo tribes. The Spanish made it texas.

population: 27,862,596  Area: 268,581 sq.mi. (103.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 261,797 sq.mi. (106.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 6,784 sq.mi. (2.5% water)

elevation: Highest: 8,751 feet at Guadalupe Peak; Lowest: 0 feet at Gulf of Mexico; diff.=8,751 feet

 #45    Utah    UT  Beehive State admitted: Jan. 04, 1896
governor: Gary Herbert (R)residents: Utahns or Utahans

capital: Salt Lake Citylargest city: Salt Lake City

bird: California gull flower: Sego lily tree: Blue spruce fish: Bonneville cutthroat trout

Origin: Western Apache, “high”.  Europeans took the Apache word “Yuttahih” their name for the Navajo tribes living higher in the mountains to refer to the Utes.

population: 3,051,217  Area: 84,899 sq.mi. (35.9 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 82,144 sq.mi. (37.1 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 2,755 sq.mi. (3.2% water)

elevation: Highest: 13,528 feet at Kings Peak; Lowest: 2,000 feet at Beaver Dam Wash; diff.=11,528 feet

 #46    Vermont    VT  Green Mountain State admitted: Mar. 04, 1791
governor: Phil Scott (R)residents: Vermonters

capital: Montpelierlargest city: Burlington

bird: Hermit thrush flower: Red clover tree: Sugar maple fish: Brook trout, walleye

Origin: French, “green mountain”.  The English form of the name “Verd Mont" given by French explorer Samuel de Champlain.

population: 624,594  Area: 9,614 sq.mi. (65.0 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 9,249 sq.mi. (67.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 365 sq.mi. (3.8% water)

elevation: Highest: 4,395 feet at Mount Mansfield; Lowest: 95 feet at Lake Champlain; diff.=4,300 feet

 #47    Virginia    VA  Old Dominion State admitted: June 25, 1788
governor: Terry McAuliffe (D)residents: Virginians

capital: Richmondlargest city: Virginia Beach

bird: Northern cardinal flower: American dogwood tree: Flowering dogwood fish: Brook trout

Origin: Latin, “country of the Virgin”.  After Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the “Virgin Queen” because she never married.

population: 8,411,808  Area: 42,774 sq.mi. (196.7 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 39,594 sq.mi. (212.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 3,180 sq.mi. (7.4% water)

elevation: Highest: 5,729 feet at Mount Rogers; Lowest: 0 feet at Atlantic Ocean; diff.=5,729 feet

 #48    Washington    WA  Evergreen State admitted: Nov. 11, 1889
governor: Jay Inslee (D)residents: Washingtonians

capital: Olympialargest city: Seattle

bird: Willow goldfinch flower: Coast rhododendron tree: Western hemlock fish: Steelhead trout

Origin: English, English surname.  After the first U.S. president, George Washington.

population: 7,288,000  Area: 71,300 sq.mi. (102.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 66,544 sq.mi. (109.5 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 4,756 sq.mi. (6.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 14,410 feet at Mount Rainier; Lowest: 0 feet at Pacific Ocean; diff.=14,410 feet

 #49    West Virginia    WV  Mountain State admitted: June 20, 1863
governor: Jim Justice (D)residents: West Virginians

capital: Charlestonlargest city: Charleston

bird: Northern cardinal flower: Rhododendron tree: Sugar maple fish: Brook trout

Origin: Latin, state west of Virginia.  In 1863, when the western counties of Virginia were about to be admitted to the Union, delegates chose the state name over Kanawha, Allegheny, and Augusta.

population: 1,831,102  Area: 24,230 sq.mi. (75.6 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 24,078 sq.mi. (76.0 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 152 sq.mi. (0.6% water)

elevation: Highest: 4,863 feet at Spruce Knob; Lowest: 0 feet at Potomac River; diff.=4,863 feet

 #50    Wisconsin    WI  Badger State admitted: May 29, 1848
governor: Scott Walker (R)residents: Wisconsinites

capital: Madisonlargest city: Milwaukee

bird: American robin flower: Wood violet tree: Sugar maple fish: Muskellunge

Origin: Chippewa, possibly “grassy place”.  After the Wisconsin River. Origin is uncertain.

population: 5,778,708  Area: 65,498 sq.mi. (88.2 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 54,310 sq.mi. (106.4 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 11,188 sq.mi. (17.1% water)

elevation: Highest: 1,951 feet at Timms Hill; Lowest: 579 feet at Lake Michigan; diff.=1,372 feet

 #51    Wyoming    WY  Equality State admitted: July 10, 1890
governor: Matt Mead (R)residents: Wyomingites

capital: Cheyennelargest city: Cheyenne

bird: Western meadowlark flower: Indian paintbrush tree: Plains cottonwood fish: Cutthroat trout

Origin: Algonquian, “wiche weamiing” or “on the great plain”.  After a tribal village in Pennsylvania wiped out in 1778 by a combined force of British soldiers, Tories sympathizers and Iroquois Indians.

population: 585,501  Area: 97,814 sq.mi. (6.0 pop/sq.mi.)

land: 97,101 sq.mi. (6.0 pop/sq.mi.)
water: 713 sq.mi. (0.7% water)

elevation: Highest: 13,809 feet at Gannett Peak; Lowest: 3,099 feet at Belle Fourche River; diff.=10,710 feet

* Officially RI is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

 

 go to top    go to middle 

 

 



al
  flag1  

close


ak
  flag2  

close


az
  flag3  

close


ar
  flag4  

close


ca
  flag5  

close


co
  flag6  

close


ct
  flag7  

close


de
  flag8  

close


dc
  flag51  

close


fl
  flag9  

close


ga
  flag10  

close


hi
  flag11  

close


id
  flag12  

close


il
  flag13  

close


in
  flag14  

close


ia
  flag15  

close


ks
  flag16  

close


ky
  flag17  

close


la
  flag18  

close


me
  flag19  

close


md
  flag20  

close


ma
  flag21  

close


mi
  flag22  

close


mn
  flag23  

close


ms
  flag24  

close


mo
  flag25  

close


mt
  flag26  

close


ne
  flag27  

close


nv
  flag28  

close


nh
  flag29  

close


nj
  flag30  

close


nm
  flag31  

close


ny
  flag32  

close


nc
  flag33  

close


nd
  flag34  

close


oh
  flag35  

close


ok
  flag36  

close


or
  flag37  

close


pa
  flag38  

close


ri
  flag39  

close


sc
  flag40  

close


sd
  flag41  

close


tn
  flag42  

close


tx
  flag43  

close


ut
  flag44  

close


vt
  flag45  

close


va
  flag46  

close


wa
  flag47  

close


wv
  flag48  

close


wi
  flag49  

close


wy
  flag50  

close