Legends of the Old West, #5

Famous Cowboys, Lawmen, Outlaws and Pioneers

Sorted by Died Date

(Also see Famous Cowboy Actors and Famous Cowboy Characters on Screen)

 

Sort list by:  [First Name]  [Last Name]  [Birth Surname]  [Born Date]  [Died Date] 

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famous cowboys Jedediah Smith

Jedediah Smith

Birth Name: Jedediah Strong Smith

 Hunter, trapper, fur trader and explorer of the American West Coast

Born: 1799, Jan. 6 —  Died: 1831, May 27  (killed by Comanche Indians)

famous cowboys John Bozeman

John Bozeman

Birth Name: John Merin Bozeman

 Pathfinder of the Bozeman Trail and founder of Bozeman, MT

Born: 1835, Jan. —  Died: 1867, Apr. 20  (murdered )

famous cowboys Oliver Loving

Oliver Loving

Birth Name: Oliver Loving

 First cattledriver; founded the Goodnight-Loving Trail; "The Dean of Texas Trail Drivers"

Born: 1812, Dec. 4 —  Died: 1867, Sep. 25  (gangrene from a battle wound)

famous cowboys Jesse Chisholm

Jesse Chisholm

Birth Name: Jesse Chisholm

 Indian trader, guide, and interpreter; namesake to the ChisholmTrail

Born: 1806 —  Died: 1868, Mar. 4  (died of food poisoning)

famous cowboys Charley Parkhurst

Charley Parkhurst (One-Eyed Charley)

Birth Name: Charlotte Darkey Parkhurst

 American woman stagecoach driver, farmer and rancher, thought by all to be a man

Born: 1809, Dec. 24 —  Died: 1868, May 23  (tongue cancer)

famous cowboys John Younger

John Younger

Birth Name: John Harrison Younger

 Train and bank robber, killer  (2)

Born: 1851 —  Died: 1874, Mar. 17  (shot in the neck)

famous cowboys Wild Bill Hickok

Wild Bill Hickok

Birth Name: James Butler Hickok

 Marksman, professional gambler, gunfighter, scout, lawman

Born: 1837, May 27 —  Died: 1876, Aug. 2  (shot in the back of the head)

famous cowboys Sam Bass

Sam Bass

Birth Name: Sam Bass

 Train robber

Born: 1851, July 21 —  Died: 1878, July 21  (gun shot wounds)

famous cowboys William Longley

William Longley

Birth Name: William Preston Longley

 Outlaw, ruthless and ill-tempered gunfighter; killed at least 32 people

Born: 1851, Oct. 6 —  Died: 1878, Oct. 11  (hanged)

famous cowboys Kit Carson

Kit Carson

Birth Name: Christopher Houston Carson

 Scout, trapper; much involved with Indian affairs

Born: 1812 —  Died: 1879, December 18   (aortic aneurysm)

famous cowboys Texas Jack

Texas Jack

Birth Name: John Baker Omohundro

 Frontier scout, actor, and cowboy; first performer to do roping acts on stage

Born: 1846, July 26 —  Died: 1880, June 28  (pneumonia)

famous cowboys Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid

Birth Name: William Henry McCarty (Aka: Henry Antrim, William H. Bonney)

 Outlaw, gunfighter, member of the Regulators gang

Born: 1859 —  Died: 1881, July 14  (shot by Pat Garrett)

famous cowboys Jim Bridger

Jim Bridger

Birth Name: James Felix Bridger

 Mountain man, trappers, scouts and guides who explored and trapped the western U.S.

Born: 1804, Mar. 17 —  Died: 1881, July 17  (old age)

famous cowboys Curly Bill Brocius

Curly Bill Brocius

Birth Name: William "Curly Bill" Brocius

 Gunman, rustler and outlaw cowboy

Born: 1845 —  Died: 1882, Mar. 24  (killed by Wyatt Earp)

famous cowboys Jesse James

Jesse James

Birth Name: Jesse Woodson James

 Bank and train robber, killer; member of outlaw Clement gang

Born: 1847, Sep. 5 —  Died: 1882, Apr. 3  (shot from the back by Robert Ford)

famous cowboys Johnny Ringo

Johnny Ringo

Birth Name: John Peters Ringo

 Robber, killer; member of Clanton gang

Born: 1850, May 3 —  Died: 1882, July 13  (gun shot suicide)

famous cowboys King Fisher

King Fisher

Birth Name: John King Fisher

 Gunfighter, gang leader, rancher

Born: 1854 —  Died: 1884, Mar. 11  (shot as he leapt from a theater balcony)

famous cowboys John Simpson Chisum

John Chisum

Birth Name: John Simpson Chisum

 Cattle baron

Born: 1824, Aug. 15 —  Died: 1884, Dec. 23  (throat cancer)

famous cowboys Richard King

Richard King

Birth Name: Richard King

 Riverboat captain, entrepreneur and founder of the King Ranch

Born: 1824, July 10 —  Died: 1885, Apr. 14  (stomach cancer)

famous cowboys Clark Floss

Clark Foss "Old Floss", "Old Chieftain"

Birth Name: Clark Floss

 Renowned stage driver and stage station owner

Born: 1825 —  Died: 1885, Aug.  (old age)

famous cowboys "Big Jim" Courtright

Big Jim Courtright (Tim Isaiah)

Birth Name: Timothy Isaiah Courtright

 Lawman, outlaw and gunfighter

Born: 1848 —  Died: 1887, Feb. 8  (shot in a gunfight)

famous cowboys Ike Clanton

Ike Clanton

Birth Name: Joseph Isaac Clanton

 Cattle rustler; involved in the Gunfight at the OK Corral

Born: 1847 —  Died: 1887, June 1  (shot dead resisting arrest)

 

 

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famous cowboys Clay Allison

Clay Allison

Birth Name: Robert Clay Allison

 Ruthless killer, gunfighter

Born: 1840, Sep. 2 —  Died: 1887, July 3  (broken neck from accident)

famous cowboys Doc Holliday

Doc Holliday

Birth Name: John Henry Holliday

 Dentist, gambler, and gunfighter; at the O.K. Corral gunfight

Born: 1851, Aug. 14 —  Died: 1887, Nov. 8  (consumption (tuberculosis))

famous cowboys Black Bart

Black Bart

Birth Name: Charles E. Boles (Also Bolles)

 Good-mannered stage coach robber

Born: 1829 —  Died: 1888, Feb. 28  (unknown, last seen Feb. 28, 1888)

famous cowboys Belle Starr

Belle Starr (The Bandit Queen)

Birth Name: Myra Belle Shirley Reed Starr

 Rustling, horse stealing, bootlegging whiskey

Born: 1848, Feb. 5 —  Died: 1889, Feb. 3  (shot from ambush)

famous cowboys Ella Watson

Ella Watson "Cattle Kate"

Birth Name: Ellen Liddy Watson

 Pioneer of Wyoming, accused of cattle rustling by powerful cattlemen

Born: 1861, July 2 —  Died: 1889, July 20  (hanged)

famous cowboys Bob Younger

Bob Younger

Birth Name: Robert Ewing Younger

 Train and bank robber (2)

Born: 1853, Oct. 29 —  Died: 1889, Sep. 16  (tuberculosis in prison)

famous cowboys Nate Champion

Nate Champion

Birth Name: Nate D. Champion

 Small rancher, falsely accused rustler.

Born: 1857, Sep. 29 —  Died: 1892, Apr. 9  (killed while being fighting off vigilantes)

famous cowboys Bob Ford

Bob Ford

Birth Name: Robert Newton "Bob" Ford

 Outlaw; the man who shot Jesse James

Born: 1862, Jan. 31 —  Died: 1892, June 8  (shotgun blast to the chest)

famous cowboys Grat Dalton

Grat Dalton

Birth Name: Gratton Hanley Dalton

 Train, bank robber  (1)

Born: 1861 —  Died: 1892, Oct. 5  (shot during a bank robbery)

famous cowboys Bob Dalton

Bob Dalton

Birth Name: Robert Rennick Dalton

 Train and bank robber (1)

Born: 1869 —  Died: 1892, Oct. 5  (shot during a bank robbery)

famous cowboys Luke Short

Luke Short

Birth Name: Luke L. Short

 Noted gunfighter, who had worked as a farmer, cowboy, whiskey peddler, army scout, dispatch rider, gambler and saloon keeper

Born: 1854 —  Died: 1893, Sep. 8  (congestive heart failure)

famous cowboys Blue Duck

Blue Duck

Birth Name: Sha-con-gah (Cherokee)

 Outlaw and boyfriend of Belle Starr

Born: 1858 —  Died: 1895  (tuberculosis)

famous cowboys John Wesley Hardin

John Wesley Hardin

Birth Name: John Wesley Hardin

 Gunfighter, killer; claimed to have killed 44 men

Born: 1853, May 26 —  Died: 1895, Aug. 19  (shot in the back by lawman John Selman)

famous cowboys Bill Doolin

Bill Doolin

Birth Name: William Doolin

 Bandit, founder of the Wild Bunch gang

Born: 1858 —  Died: 1896, Aug. 24  (shot by US Marshall Heck Thomas)

famous cowboys “Black Jack” Christian

Black Jack Christian

Birth Name: William Christian

 Robber, killer, member of the "High Fives Gang"

Born: 1856 —  Died: 1897, Apr. 28  (killed in gun fight with a posse)

famous cowboys George Scarborough

George Scarborough

Birth Name: George Scarborough

 Cowboy and lawman and partner of Jeff Milton

Born: 1859, October 2 —  Died: 1900, April 5  (gun shot wound)

famous cowboys “Black Jack” Ketchum

Black Jack Ketchum

Birth Name: Thomas Edward Ketchum

 Cowboy turned robber, member of Hole in the Wall gang

Born: 1863, Oct. 31 —  Died: 1901, Apr. 26  (hanged)

famous cowboys Jim Younger

Jim Younger

Birth Name: James Hardin Younger

 Rancher, train and bank robber  (2)

Born: 1848, Jan. 15 —  Died: 1902, Oct. 19  (committed suicide)

famous cowboys Calamity Jane

Calamity Jane

Birth Name: Martha Jane Cannary

 Sharpshooter, prospector, rowdy prostitute, gambler, heavy drinker

Born: 1852, May 1 —  Died: 1903, Aug. 1  (alcoholism)

famous cowboys Tom Horn

Tom Horn

Birth Name: Tom Horn (Aka: James Hicks)

 Lawman, scout, soldier, hired gunman, detective, outlaw and assassin

Born: 1860, Nov. 21 —  Died: 1903, Nov. 20  (hanged)

famous cowboys Kid Curry

Kid Curry

Birth Name: Harvey Logan

 Outlaw, gunman, "wildest of the Wild Bunch"

Born: 1867 —  Died: 1904, June 17  (suicide during gun battle)

famous cowboys John Ware

John Ware

Birth Name: John Ware

 Remembered for his ability to ride and train horses

Born: 1845 —  Died: 1905, Sep. 12  (killed in the fall when his horse tripped)

 

 

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famous cowboys Pat Garrett

Pat Garrett

Birth Name: Patrick Floyd Garrett

 Sheriff in New Mexico, bartender, and customs agent; killed Billy the Kid

Born: 1850, June 5 —  Died: 1908, Feb. 28  (shot during an argument)

famous cowboys Butch Cassidy

Butch Cassidy

Birth Name: Robert LeRoy Parker

 Robber; member of the Wild Bunch gang

Born: 1866, Apr. 13 —  Died: 1909, Nov. 6  (suicide while surrounded and trapped)

famous cowboys Sundance Kid, the

Sundance Kid

Birth Name: Harry Alonzo Longabaugh

 Robber; member of the Wild Bunch gang

Born: 1867 —  Died: 1909, Nov. 6  (suicide while surrounded and trapped)

famous cowboys "Texas Jack" Vermillion

Texas Jack Vermillion

Birth Name: John Wilson Vermillion

 Gunfighter, soldier, lawman, outlaw, Methodist preacher; participated in the Earp vendetta ride

Born: 1842 —  Died: 1911  (died peacefully in his sleep)

famous cowboys Heck Thomas

Heck Thomas

Birth Name: Henry A. Thomas

 Peace officer, tracked down and killed outlaw Bill Doolin

Born: 1850, Jan. 3 —  Died: 1912, Aug. 15  (Bright's disease)

famous cowboys Mary Fields

Stagecoach Mary

Birth Name: Mary Fields

 Mail carrier, driving a mail route by stagecoach in Montana

Born: 1832 —  Died: 1914  (liver failure)

famous cowboys Frank James

Frank James

Birth Name: Alexander Frank James

 Bank robber; rode with William Quantrill's raiders; later shoe salesman

Born: 1843, Jan. 10 —  Died: 1915, Feb. 18  (heart failure)

famous cowboys Cole Younger

Cole Younger

Birth Name: Thomas Coleman Younger

 Train and bank robber; lectured and toured with Frank James in a wild west show  (2)

Born: 1844, Jan. 15 —  Died: 1916, Mar. 21  (old age)

famous cowboys Buffalo Bill

Buffalo Bill

Birth Name: William Frederick Cody

 Organized Buffalo Bill's Wild West, an outdoor extravaganza

Born: 1846, Feb. 26 —  Died: 1917, Jan. 10  (kidney failure)

famous cowboys Captain Bill McDonald

Captain Bill McDonald

Birth Name: William Jesse McDonald

 A Texas Ranger who served briefly as a bodyguard for both U.S. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson

Born: 1852, Sep. 28 —  Died: 1918, Jan. 15  (pneumonia)

famous cowboys  Perry Owens

Perry Owens

Birth Name: Commodore Perry Owens

 Arizona lawman and gunfighter

Born: 1852, July 29 —  Died: 1919, May 10  (Bright's disease)

famous cowboys Conrad Kohrs

Conrad Kohrs

Birth Name: Carsten Conrad Kohrs

  Montana cattle rancher (cattle baron) and politician

Born: 1835, Aug. 5 —  Died: 1920, July 23  (old age)

famous cowboys George Washington Littlefield

George Littlefield

Birth Name: George Washington Littlefield

  Confederate Army officer, cattleman, banker, and regent of the University of Texas

Born: 1842, June 27 —  Died: 1920, Nov. 10  (old age)

famous cowboys Deadwood Dick

Deadwood Dick

Birth Name: Nat Love

 Cowboy; won every competition and $200 prize at July 4, 1876 Deadwood cowboy contest

Born: 1854, June 14 —  Died: 1921  (?)

famous cowboys Dutch Henry

Dutch Henry

Birth Name: Henry Borne

 Horse thief

Born: 1849, July 2 —  Died: 1921, Jan. 10  (pneumonia)

famous cowboys "Bat" Masterson

Bat Masterson

Birth Name: William Barclay Masterson

 Gunfighter, gambler, Wyatt Earp's deputy, newspaper columnist

Born: 1853, Nov. 27 —  Died: 1921, Oct. 25  (heart attack)

famous cowboys George McJunkin

George McJunkin

Birth Name: George McJunkin

 Cowboy, amateur archaeologist and historian

Born: 1851 —  Died: 1922, Jan. 21  (old age)

famous cowboys "Texas John" Slaughter

Texas John Slaughter

Birth Name: John Slaughter

 Civil War veteran, trail-driver, cattleman, Texas Ranger, sheriff, gambler, and state representative

Born: 1841, Oct. 2 —  Died: 1922, Feb. 16  (stroke)

famous cowboys Arkansas Tom Jones

Arkansas Tom Jones

Birth Name: Roy Daugherty

 Outlaw and a member of the Wild Bunch gang

Born: 1870, Jan. 1 —  Died: 1924, Aug. 16  (killed during a gunfight)

famous cowboys Bill Tilghman

Bill Tilghman

Birth Name: William Matthew "Bill" Tilghman, Jr.

 Deputy sheriff, gunfighter, saloon owner

Born: 1854, July 4 —  Died: 1924, Nov. 1  (shot by a corrupt prohibition agent)

famous cowboys Frank H. Matnard

Frank H. Maynard

Birth Name: Frank Henry Maynard

  Claimed authorship of the revised version of the well-known ballad "The Streets of Laredo"

Born: 1853, Dec 16 —  Died: 1926, Mar. 28  ( cardiovascular disease)

famous cowboys Annie Oakley

Annie Oakley

Birth Name: Phoebe Ann Oakley Moses

 Sharpshooter and exhibition shooter; starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show

Born: 1860, Aug. 13 —  Died: 1926, Nov. 3  (pernicious anemia)

 

 

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famous cowboys Frank Canton

Frank Canton

Birth Name: Josiah Horner

 Lawman, gunslinger, cowboy and at one point in his life, an outlaw

Born: 1849, Sep. 15 —  Died: 1927, Sep. 27  (old age)

famous cowboys Charlie Siringo

Charlie Siringo

Birth Name: Charles Angelo Siringo

 Lawman, detective, and agent for the Pinkerton National Detective Agency

Born: 1855, Feb. 7 —  Died: 1928, Oct. 18  (bronchitis)

famous cowboys Bose Ikard

Bose Ikard

Birth Name: Bose Ikard

 Cowboy, helped in opening up the Goodnight-Loving Trail

Born: 1847, July —  Died: 1929, Jan. 4  (?)

famous cowboys Wyatt Earp

Wyatt Earp

Birth Name: Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp

 Lawman, gambler; in gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Tombstone, Arizona

Born: 1848, Mar. 19 —  Died: 1929, Jan. 13  (natural causes)

famous cowboys Doc Scurlock

Doc Scurlock

Birth Name: Josiah Gordon Scurlock

 Old West figure, cowboy and gunfighter

Born: 1849, Jan. 11 —  Died: 1929, July 25  (heart attack)

famous cowboys Charles Goodnight

Charles Goodnight

Birth Name: Charles Goodnight

 Cattle-driver; founded the Goodnight-Loving Trail; invented the chuck wagon

Born: 1836, Mar. 5 —  Died: 1929, Dec. 12  (old age)

famous cowboys Bill Pickett

Bill Pickett (The Bull Dogger)

Birth Name: William Pickett

 Rodeo cowboy; introduced bulldogging

Born: 1870, Dec. 5 —  Died: 1932, Apr. 2  (kicked in the head by a horse)

famous cowboys Charles Colcord

Charles Colcord

Birth Name: Charles Francis Colcord

 Successful cattlerancher, U.S. Marshal, Chief of Police, businessman, and pioneer of the Old West

Born: 1859, Aug. 18 —  Died: 1934, Dec. 10  (old age)

famous cowboys Will Rogers

Will Rogers

Birth Name: William Penn Adair Rogers

 Humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, actor, newspaper columnist

Born: 1879, Nov. 7 —  Died: 1935, Aug. 5  (plane crash over Alaska)

famous cowboys Emmett Dalton

Emmett Dalton

Birth Name: Emmett Dalton

 Train and bank robber, real estate agent, author and actor  (1)

Born: 1871 —  Died: 1937, July 13  (fatal illness)

famous cowboys Lucille Mulhall

Lucille Mulhall

Birth Name: Lucille Mulhall

 One of the first women to compete with men in roping and riding events

Born: 1885, Oct. 21 —  Died: 1940, Dec. 21  (automobile accident)

famous cowboys Pawnee Bill

Pawnee Bill

Birth Name: Gordon William Lillie

 Showman, created the Wild West show: "Pawnee Bill's Historic Wild West"; later joined with "Buffalo Bill" Cody

Born: 1860, Feb. 14 —  Died: 1942, Feb. 3  (died in his sleep)

famous cowboys Chris Madsen

Chris Madsen

Birth Name: Christian "Chris" Madsen

 Danish born gunfighter; U.S. Deputy Marshal in Oklahoma; member of the Three Guardsmen crime fighers

Born: 1851, Dec. 25 —  Died: 1944, Jan. 9  (old age)

famous cowboys Elfego Baca

Elfego Baca

Birth Name: Elfego Baca

 Lawman, lawyer, and politician; "Frisco Shootout" incident where Elfego faced 80 men firing 4,000 shots at the home where hewas cornered

Born: 1865, Feb. 10 —  Died: 1945, Aug. 27  (old age)

famous cowboys Jeff Milton

Jeff Milton

Birth Name: Jeff Milton

 Texas Ranger, Deputy US Marshal, Chief of Police in El Paso, Texas

Born: 1861, Nov. 7 —  Died: 1947, May 7  (Natural cause)

famous cowboys Burton Mossman

Burton Mossman

Birth Name: Burton W. Mossman

  American lawman and cattleman in the final years of the Old West

Born: 1867, Apr, 30 —  Died: 1956, Sep. 5  (old age)

famous cowboys Frank Eaton

Frank Eaton

Birth Name: Frank Boardman "Pistol Pete" Eaton

 Author, cowboy, scout, Indian fighter, and Deputy U. S. Marshal

Born: 1860, Oct. 26 —  Died: 1958, Apr. 8  (old age)

famous cowboys Annie Oakley

Ruth Roach

Birth Name: Ruth Scantlin

 Professional bronco rider, and world champion rodeo performer

Born: 1896 —  Died: 1986, June 26  (?)

famous cowboys Kitty Canutt

Kitty Canutt

Birth Name: Katherine Derre

 Bronco rider, known as "Diamond Kitty"

Born: 1899, July 15 —  Died: 1988, June 3  (?)

famous cowboys Chuck Roberson

Chuck Roberson

Birth Name: Charles Hugh Roberson

 Cowboy, actor, and stuntman

Born: 1919, May 10 —  Died: 1988, June 8  (cancer)

famous cowboys Annie Oakley

Casey Tibbs

Birth Name: Casey Duane Tibbs

 Cowboy, rodeo performer, and actor.

Born: 1929, Mar. 5 —  Died: 1990, Jan. 28  (lung cancer)

famous cowboys Earl Bascom

Earl W. Bascom

 

Birth Name: Earl Wesley Bascom

 American painter, printmaker, rodeo performer and sculptor

Born: 1906, June, 19 —  Died: 1995, Aug. 28  (old age)

famous cowboys Connie Douglas Reeves

Connie Douglas Reeves

Birth Name: Connie Douglas

 Cowgirl who taught thousands of girls how to ride horses at Texas's Camp Waldemar

Born: 1901, Sept. 26 —  Died: 2003, Aug. 17  (thrown from a horse at age 101)

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  Note 1:  Dalton brothers gang included George "Bitter Creek" Newcomb, "Blackfaced" CharlieBryant, Bill Doolin, Dick Broadwell, and Bill Powers.

  Note 2:  The Younger gang included Clell Miller, Arthur McCoy, Charlie Pitts, John Jarrette,and Bill Chadwell.

  Not included are eastern pioneers, such as Daniel Boone, because they belong to, shall we say, the Old East.
Sources for much of this information here is from Legends of America and various Wikipedia entries.

 

 


Clay Allison
Arkansas Tom Jones
Elfego Baca
Earal Bascom
Sam Bass
Blue Duck
Black Bart
Billy the Kid
John Bozeman
Jim Bridger
Curly Bill Brocius
Calamity Jane
Frank Canton
Kitty Canutt
Kit Carson
Nate Champion
Jesse Chisholm
John Chisum
Black Jack Christian
Ike Clanton
Charles Colcord
Curly Bill Brocius
Big Jim Courtright
Kid Curry
Bob Dalton
Emmett Dalton
Grat Dalton
Bill Doolin
Wyatt Earp
Frank Eaton
Stagecoach Mary
King Fisher
Clark Floss
bob Ford
Pat Garrett
Charles Goodnight
John Wesley Hardin
Dutch Henry
Wild Bill Hickok
Doc Holliday
Tom Horn
Bose Ikard
Frank James
Jesse James
Black Jack Ketchum
Richard King
Conrad Kohrs
George Littlefield
The Sundance Kid
William Longley
Deadwood Dick
Oliver Loving
Chris Madsen
Bat Masterson
Frank H. Maynard
Captain Bill McDonald
George McJunkin
Jeff Milton
Burton Mossman
Lucille Mulhall
Annie Oakley
Texas Jack
Perry Owens
Butch Cassidy
Charley Parkhurst
Pawnee Bill
Bil Pickett
Connie Douglas Reeves
Johnny Ringo
Ruth Roach
Chuck Roberson
Will Rogers
George Scarborough
Doc Scurlock
Luke Short
Charlie Siringo
Texas John Slaughter
Jedediah Smith
Belle Starr
Heck Thomas
Casey Tibbs
Bill Tilghman
Texas Jack Vermillion
John Ware
Ella Watson
Bob Younger
Cole Younger
Jim Younger
John Younger