Famous Cowboys and Cowboy Names

Legends of the Old West

(Also see Western Movie Stars and Western Characters of Film and TV)

Not included are eastern pioneers, such as Daniel Boone, because they belong to, shall we say, the Old East.  Tap column heading to sort.  Sources for much of this information here is from Legends of America and various Wikipedia entries.

Sorted by First Name

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First/Last Name

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Claim to Fame

Birth NameBorn - Died

Cause of Death

famous cowboys Annie Oakley

Annie Oakley

Sharpshooter and exhibition shooter; starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show

Phoebe Ann Oakley Moses

1860, Aug. 13

1926, Nov. 3

pernicious anemia

famous cowboys Arkansas Tom Jones

Arkansas Tom Jones

Outlaw and a member of the Wild Bunch gang

Roy Daugherty

1870, Jan. 1

1924, Aug. 16

killed during a gunfight

famous cowboys "Bat" Masterson

Bat Masterson

Gunfighter, gambler, Wyatt Earp's deputy, newspaper columnist

William Barclay Masterson

1853, Nov. 27

1921, Oct. 25

heart attack

famous cowboys Belle Starr

Belle Starr

(The Bandit Queen)

Rustling, horse stealing, bootlegging whiskey

Myra Belle Shirley Reed Starr

1848, Feb. 5

1889, Feb. 3

shot from ambush

famous cowboys "Big Jim" Courtright

Big Jim Courtright

(Tim Isaiah)

Lawman, outlaw and gunfighter

Timothy Isaiah Courtright

1848

1887, Feb. 8

shot in a gunfight

famous cowboys Bill Doolin

Bill Doolin

Bandit, founder of the Wild Bunch gang

William Doolin

1858

1896, Aug. 24

shot by US Marshall Heck Thomas

famous cowboys Bill Pickett

Bill Pickett

(The Bull Dogger)

Rodeo cowboy; introduced bulldogging

William Pickett

1870, Dec. 5

1932, Apr. 2

kicked in the head by a horse

famous cowboys Bill Tilghman

Bill Tilghman

Deputy sheriff, gunfighter, saloon owner

William Matthew "Bill" Tilghman, Jr.

1854, July 4

1924, Nov. 1

shot by a corrupt prohibition agent

famous cowboys Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid

Outlaw, gunfighter, member of the Regulators gang

William Henry McCarty (Aka: Henry Antrim, William H. Bonney)

1859

1881, July 14

shot by Pat Garrett

famous cowboys Black Bart

Black Bart

Good-mannered stage coach robber

Charles E. Boles (Also Bolles)

1829

1888, Feb. 28

unknown, last seen Feb. 28, 1888

famous cowboys “Black Jack” Christian

Black Jack Christian

Robber, killer, member of the "High Fives Gang"

William Christian

1856

1897, Apr. 28

killed in gun fight with a posse

famous cowboys “Black Jack” Ketchum

Black Jack Ketchum

Cowboy turned robber, member of Hole in the Wall gang

Thomas Edward Ketchum

1863, Oct. 31

1901, Apr. 26

hanged

famous cowboys Blue Duck

Blue Duck

Outlaw and boyfriend of Belle Starr

Sha-con-gah (Cherokee)

1858

1895

tuberculosis

famous cowboys Bob Dalton

Bob Dalton

Train and bank robber (1)

Robert Rennick Dalton

1869

1892, Oct. 5

shot during a bank robbery

famous cowboys Bob Ford

Bob Ford

Outlaw; the man who shot Jesse James

Robert Newton "Bob" Ford

1862, Jan. 31

1892, June 8

shotgun blast to the chest

famous cowboys Bob Younger

Bob Younger

Train and bank robber (2)

Robert Ewing Younger

1853, Oct. 29

1889, Sep. 16

tuberculosis in prison

famous cowboys Bose Ikard

Bose Ikard

Cowboy, helped in opening up the Goodnight-Loving Trail

Bose Ikard

1847, July

1929, Jan. 4

?

famous cowboys Buffalo Bill

Buffalo Bill

Organized Buffalo Bill's Wild West, an outdoor extravaganza

William Frederick Cody

1846, Feb. 26

1917, Jan. 10

kidney failure

famous cowboys Burton Mossman

Burton Mossman

American lawman and cattleman in the final years of the Old West

Burton W. Mossman

1867, Apr, 30

1956, Sep. 5

old age

famous cowboys Butch Cassidy

Butch Cassidy

Robber; member of the Wild Bunch gang

Robert LeRoy Parker

1866, Apr. 13

1909, Nov. 6

suicide while surrounded and trapped

famous cowboys Calamity Jane

Calamity Jane

Sharpshooter, prospector, rowdy prostitute, gambler, heavy drinker

Martha Jane Cannary

1852, May 1

1903, Aug. 1

alcoholism

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Sorted by First Name

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First/Last Name

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Claim to Fame

Birth NameBorn - Died

Cause of Death

famous cowboys Captain Bill McDonald

Captain Bill McDonald

A Texas Ranger who served briefly as a bodyguard for both U.S. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson

William Jesse McDonald

1852, Sep. 28

1918, Jan. 15

pneumonia

famous cowboys Annie Oakley

Casey Tibbs

Cowboy, rodeo performer, and actor.

Casey Duane Tibbs

1929, Mar. 5

1990, Jan. 28

lung cancer

famous cowboys Charles Colcord

Charles Colcord

Successful cattlerancher, U.S. Marshal, Chief of Police, businessman, and pioneer of the Old West

Charles Francis Colcord

1859, Aug. 18

1934, Dec. 10

old age

famous cowboys Charles Goodnight

Charles Goodnight

Cattle-driver; founded the Goodnight-Loving Trail; invented the chuck wagon

Charles Goodnight

1836, Mar. 5

1929, Dec. 12

old age

famous cowboys Charley Parkhurst

Charley Parkhurst

(One-Eyed Charley)

American woman stagecoach driver, farmer and rancher, thought by all to be a man

Charlotte Darkey Parkhurst

1809, Dec. 24

1868, May 23

tongue cancer

famous cowboys Charlie Siringo

Charlie Siringo

Lawman, detective, and agent for the Pinkerton National Detective Agency

Charles Angelo Siringo

1855, Feb. 7

1928, Oct. 18

bronchitis

famous cowboys Chris Madsen

Chris Madsen

Danish born gunfighter; U.S. Deputy Marshal in Oklahoma; member of the Three Guardsmen crime fighers

Christian "Chris" Madsen

1851, Dec. 25

1944, Jan. 9

old age

famous cowboys Chuck Roberson

Chuck Roberson

Cowboy, actor, and stuntman

Charles Hugh Roberson

1919, May 10

1988, June 8

cancer

famous cowboys Clark Floss

Clark Foss

"Old Floss"

"Old Chieftain"

Renowned stage driver and stage station owner

Clark Floss

1825

1885, Aug.

old age

famous cowboys Clay Allison

Clay Allison

Ruthless killer, gunfighter

Robert Clay Allison

1840, Sep. 2

1887, July 3

broken neck from accident

famous cowboys Cole Younger

Cole Younger

Train and bank robber; lectured and toured with Frank James in a wild west show  (2)

Thomas Coleman Younger

1844, Jan. 15

1916, Mar. 21

old age

famous cowboys Connie Douglas Reeves

Connie Douglas Reeves

Cowgirl who taught thousands of girls how to ride horses at Texas's Camp Waldemar

Connie Douglas

1901, Sept. 26

2003, Aug. 17

thrown from a horse at age 101

famous cowboys Curly Bill Brocius

Curly Bill Brocius

Gunman, rustler and outlaw cowboy

William "Curly Bill" Brocius

1845

1882, Mar. 24

killed by Wyatt Earp

famous cowboys Deadwood Dick

Deadwood Dick

Cowboy; won every competition and $200 prize at July 4, 1876 Deadwood cowboy contest

Nat Love

1854, June 14

1921

?

famous cowboys Doc Holliday

Doc Holliday

Dentist, gambler, and gunfighter; at the O.K. Corral gunfight

John Henry Holliday

1851, Aug. 14

1887, Nov. 8

consumption (tuberculosis)

famous cowboys Doc Scurlock

Doc Scurlock

Old West figure, cowboy and gunfighter

Josiah Gordon Scurlock

1849, Jan. 11

1929, July 25

heart attack

famous cowboys Dutch Henry

Dutch Henry

Horse thief

Henry Borne

1849, July 2

1921, Jan. 10

pneumonia

famous cowboys Earl Bascom

Earl W. Bascom

American painter, printmaker, rodeo performer and sculptor

Earl Wesley Bascom

1906, June, 19

1995, Aug. 28

old age

famous cowboys Elfego Baca

Elfego Baca

Lawman, lawyer, and politician; "Frisco Shootout" incident where Elfego faced 80 men firing 4,000 shots at the home where hewas cornered

Elfego Baca

1865, Feb. 10

1945, Aug. 27

old age

famous cowboys Ella Watson

Ella Watson

"Cattle Kate"

Pioneer of Wyoming, accused of cattle rustling by powerful cattlemen

Ellen Liddy Watson

1861, July 2

1889, July 20

hanged

famous cowboys Emmett Dalton

Emmett Dalton

Train and bank robber, real estate agent, author and actor  (1)

Emmett Dalton

1871

1937, July 13

fatal illness

famous cowboys Frank Canton

Frank Canton

Lawman, gunslinger, cowboy and at one point in his life, an outlaw

Josiah Horner

1849, Sep. 15

1927, Sep. 27

old age

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Sorted by First Name

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First/Last Name

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Claim to Fame

Birth NameBorn - Died

Cause of Death

famous cowboys Frank Eaton

Frank Eaton

Author, cowboy, scout, Indian fighter, and Deputy U. S. Marshal

Frank Boardman "Pistol Pete" Eaton

1860, Oct. 26

1958, Apr. 8

old age

famous cowboys Frank James

Frank James

Bank robber; rode with William Quantrill's raiders; later shoe salesman

Alexander Frank James

1843, Jan. 10

1915, Feb. 18

heart Failure

famous cowboys George Washington Littlefield

George Littlefield

Confederate Army officer, cattleman, banker, and regent of the University of Texas

George Washington Littlefield

1842, June 27

1920, Nov. 10

old age

famous cowboys George McJunkin

George McJunkin

Cowboy, amateur archaeologist and historian

George McJunkin

1851

1922, Jan. 21

old age

famous cowboys Grat Dalton

Grat Dalton

Train, bank robber  (1)

Gratton Hanley Dalton

1861

1892, Oct. 5

shot during a bank robbery

famous cowboys Heck Thomas

Heck Thomas

Peace officer, tracked down and killed outlaw Bill Doolin

Henry A. Thomas

1850, Jan. 3

1912, Aug. 15

Bright's disease

famous cowboys Ike Clanton

Ike Clanton

Cattle rustler; involved in the Gunfight at the OK Corral

Joseph Isaac Clanton

1847

1887, June 1

shot dead resisting arrest

famous cowboys Jedediah Smith

Jedediah Smith

Hunter, trapper, fur trader and explorer of the American West Coast

Jedediah Strong Smith

1799, Jan. 6

1831, May 27

killed by Comanche Indians

famous cowboys Jeff Milton

Jeff Milton

Texas Ranger, Deputy US Marshal, Chief of Police in El Paso, Texas

Jeff Milton

1861, Nov. 7

1947, May 7

Natural cause

famous cowboys Jesse Chisholm

Jesse Chisholm

Indian trader, guide, and interpreter; namesake to the ChisholmTrail

Jesse Chisholm

1806

1868, Mar. 4

died of food poisoning

famous cowboys Jesse James

Jesse James

Bank and train robber, killer; member of outlaw Clement gang

Jesse Woodson James

1847, Sep. 5

1882, Apr. 3

shot from the back by Robert Ford

famous cowboys Jim Younger

Jim Younger

Rancher, train and bank robber  (2)

James Hardin Younger

1848, Jan. 15

1902, Oct. 19

committed suicide

famous cowboys John Bozeman

John Bozeman

Pathfinder of the Bozeman Trail and founder of Bozeman, MT

John Merin Bozeman

1835, Jan.

1867, Apr. 20

murdered

famous cowboys John Simpson Chisum

John Chisum

Cattle baron

John Simpson Chisum

1824, Aug. 15

1884, Dec. 23

throat cancer

famous cowboys John Ware

John Ware

Remembered for his ability to ride and train horses

John Ware

1845

1905, Sep. 12

killed in the fall when his horse tripped

famous cowboys John Younger

John Younger

Train and bank robber, killer  (2)

John Harrison Younger

1851

1874, Mar. 17

shot in the neck

famous cowboys John Wesley Hardin

John Wesley Hardin

Gunfighter, killer; claimed to have killed 44 men

John Wesley Hardin

1853, May 26

1895, Aug. 19

shot in the back by lawman John Selman

famous cowboys Johnny Ringo

Johnny Ringo

Robber, killer; member of Clanton gang

John Peters Ringo

1850, May 3

1882, July 13

gun shot suicide

famous cowboys Kid Curry

Kid Curry

Outlaw, gunman, "wildest of the Wild Bunch"

Harvey Logan

1867

1904, June 17

suicide during gun battle

famous cowboys King Fisher

King Fisher

Gunfighter, gang leader, rancher

John King Fisher

1854

1884, Mar. 11

shot as he leapt from a theater balcony

famous cowboys Kit Carson

Kit Carson

Scout, trapper; much involved with Indian affairs

Christopher Houston Carson

1812

1879, December 18

aortic aneurysm

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Sorted by First Name

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First/Last Name

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Claim to Fame

Birth NameBorn - Died

Cause of Death

famous cowboys Lucille Mulhall

Lucille Mulhall

One of the first women to compete with men in roping and riding events

Lucille Mulhall

1885, Oct. 21

1940, Dec. 21

automobile accident

famous cowboys Luke Short

Luke Short

Noted gunfighter, who had worked as a farmer, cowboy, whiskey peddler, army scout, dispatch rider, gambler and saloon keeper

Luke L. Short

1854

1893, Sep. 8

congestive heart failure

famous cowboys Nate Champion

Nate Champion

Small rancher, falsely accused rustler.

Nate D. Champion

1857, Sep. 29

1892, Apr. 9

killed while being fighting off vigilantes

famous cowboys Oliver Loving

Oliver Loving

First cattledriver; founded the Goodnight-Loving Trail; "The Dean of Texas Trail Drivers"

Oliver Loving

1812, Dec. 4

1867, Sep. 25

gangrene from a battle wound

famous cowboys Pat Garrett

Pat Garrett

Sheriff in New Mexico, bartender, and customs agent; killed Billy the Kid

Patrick Floyd Garrett

1850, June 5

1908, Feb. 28

shot during an argument

famous cowboys Pawnee Bill

Pawnee Bill

Showman, created the Wild West show: "Pawnee Bill's Historic Wild West"; later joined with "Buffalo Bill" Cody

Gordon William Lillie

1860, Feb. 14

1942, Feb. 3

died in his sleep

famous cowboys  Perry Owens

Perry Owens

Arizona lawman and gunfighter

Commodore Perry Owens

1852, July 29

1919, May 10

Bright's disease

famous cowboys Richard King

Richard King

Riverboat captain, entrepreneur and founder of the King Ranch

Richard King

1824, July 10

1885, Apr. 14

stomach cancer

famous cowboys Annie Oakley

Ruth Roach

Professional bronco rider, and world champion rodeo performer

Ruth Scantlin

1896

1986, June 26

?

famous cowboys Sam Bass

Sam Bass

Train robber

Sam Bass

1851, July 21

1878, July 21

gun shot wounds

famous cowboys Mary Fields

Stagecoach Mary

Mail carrier, driving a mail route by stagecoach in Montana

Mary Fields

1832

1914

liver failure

famous cowboys Sundance Kid, the

Sundance Kid

Robber; member of the Wild Bunch gang

Harry Alonzo Longabaugh

1867

1909, Nov. 6

suicide while surrounded and trapped

famous cowboys Texas Jack

Texas Jack

Frontier scout, actor, and cowboy; first performer to do roping acts on stage

John Baker Omohundro

1846, July 26

1880, June 28

pneumonia

famous cowboys "Texas Jack" Vermillion

Texas Jack Vermillion

Gunfighter, soldier, lawman, outlaw, Methodist preacher; participated in the Earp vendetta ride

John Wilson Vermillion

1842

1911

died peacefully in his sleep

famous cowboys "Texas John" Slaughter

Texas John Slaughter

Civil War veteran, trail-driver, cattleman, Texas Ranger, sheriff, gambler, and state representative

John Slaughter

1841, Oct. 2

1922, Feb. 16

stroke

famous cowboys Tom Horn

Tom Horn

Lawman, scout, soldier, hired gunman, detective, outlaw and assassin

Tom Horn (Aka: James Hicks)

1860, Nov. 21

1903, Nov. 20

hanged

famous cowboys Wild Bill Hickok

Wild Bill Hickok

Marksman, professional gambler, gunfighter, scout, lawman

James Butler Hickok

1837, May 27

1876, Aug. 2

shot in the back of the head

famous cowboys Will Rogers

Will Rogers

 

Humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, actor, newspaper columnist

William Penn Adair Rogers

1879, Nov. 7

1935, Aug. 5

plane crash over Alaska

famous cowboys William Longley

William Longley

Outlaw, ruthless and ill-tempered gunfighter; killed at least 32 people

William Preston Longley

1851, Oct. 6

1878, Oct. 11

hanged

famous cowboys Wyatt Earp

Wyatt Earp

Lawman, gambler; in gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Tombstone, Arizona

Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp

1848, Mar. 19

1929, Jan. 13

natural causes

  Note 1:  Dalton brothers gang included George "Bitter Creek" Newcomb, "Blackfaced" CharlieBryant, Bill Doolin, Dick Broadwell, and Bill Powers.

  Note 2:  The Younger gang included Clell Miller, Arthur McCoy, Charlie Pitts, John Jarrette,and Bill Chadwell.

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Clay Allison
Arkansas Tom Jones
Elfego Baca
Earal Bascom
Sam Bass
Blue Duck
Black Bart
Billy the Kid
John Bozeman
Curly Bill Brocius
Calamity Jane
Frank Canton
Kit Carson
Nate Champion
Jesse Chisholm
John Chisum
Black Jack Christian
Ike Clanton
Charles Colcord
Curly Bill Brocius
Big Jim Courtright
Kid Curry
Bob Dalton
Emmett Dalton
Grat Dalton
Bill Doolin
Wyatt Earp
Frank Eaton
Stagecoach Mary
King Fisher
Clark Floss
bob Ford
Pat Garrett
Charles Goodnight
John Wesley Hardin
Dutch Henry
Wild Bill Hickok
Doc Holliday
Tom Horn
Bose Ikard
Frank James
Jesse James
Black Jack Ketchum
Richard King
George Littlefield
The Sundance Kid
William Longley
Deadwood Dick
Oliver Loving
Chris Madsen
Bat Masterson
Captain Bill McDonald
George McJunkin
Jeff Milton
Burton Mossman
Lucille Mulhall
Annie Oakley
Texas Jack
Perry Owens
Butch Cassidy
Charley Parkhurst
Pawnee Bill
Bil Pickett
Connie Douglas Reeves
Johnny Ringo
Ruth Roach
Chuck Roberson
Will Rogers
Doc Scurlock
Luke Short
Charlie Siringo
Texas John Slaughter
Jedediah Smith
Belle Starr
Heck Thomas
Casey Tibbs
Bill Tilghman
Texas Jack Vermillion
John Ware
Ella Watson
Bob Younger
Cole Younger
Jim Younger
John Younger